Conditions & Symptoms

Knee Pain

The knee joint takes a great deal of your weight when you are walking so it is especially prone to becoming painful or being injured. You can suffer from acute knee pain because of a car accident, a fall, or a sports injury. You can also suffer from chronic knee pain from osteoarthritis of the knee or from an old trauma that didn’t heal well. Each type of pain is treated a little bit differently and you can expect different outcomes when trying to deal with the pain.

Treating an Acute Knee Injury

If you have just injured your knee, you need to control the swelling, inflammation and pain. The best way to deal with an acute knee injury is to follow the RICE method of healing. The RICE method is basically this:

  • This means you need to stay off the leg and try not to walk on the leg very much.
  • When you apply ice, you are taking down the swelling of the knee by applying an ice pack to the outside of the knee.   Be sure to put a cloth between the ice pack and your knee so you don’t suffer from ice burn to the skin. Ice should be applied for thirty minutes at a time, giving the knee a chance off the ice for about thirty more minutes before putting the ice pack on again. You can use a commercial ice pack, ice cubes in a plastic bag or even a back of chopped vegetables draped around the knee.
  • Whenever possible, you should use an ACE wrap to keep the swelling down. The ACE wrap should be tight enough to decrease the swelling but not so tight that it hurts or causes the leg below the knee to become dusky or cool to the touch. The best way to wrap a knee with an ACE wrap is to start at the ankle or foot and wrap the entire calf up along with the knee joint itself. This prevents blood pooling below the level of the knee.
  • Try to keep the knee elevated above the level of your heart. This keeps the blood flow away from the knee so that swelling isn’t so severe.

You can also take medication for the inflammation of the knee. These include nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory medication like ibuprofen (marketed as Advil and Motrin) or naproxen sodium (marketed as Aleve or Naprosyn). You can take acetaminophen (Tylenol) for the pain but it doesn’t do anything for the inflammation.

If the knee pain does not resolve or if you think the injury is very severe, you should seek medical advice because there can be more going on than just soft tissue injury. Prescription medications for the pain may be necessary in certain circumstances.

Treating Chronic Knee Pain

You can also use ice to relieve the pain of a chronic knee condition but many people turn to heat. Heat is soothing and lessens the muscle spasm around the knee. You can take over the counter pain relievers or prescription pain killers to control the pain.

If the pain is from osteoarthritis, there may be very little you can do to ease the pain on a daily basis. If the arthritis is severe, the doctor may choose to use Cold Laser Therapy on the knee, which relieves inflammation, or may decide to replace the knee altogether with an artificial knee. This is somewhat extreme but it is the only way to control some kinds of chronic knee pain that involve bone rubbing against bone and very little intact cartilage to cushion the knee joint. Talk to your doctor about what the best options are for knee pain that does not go away on its own.

Other Foot Conditions & Symptoms

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Ankle Sprains

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Bunions

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The medical terms for bunions are hallux abducto valgus or just hallux valgus. It is a common foot problem, especially among women. It involves having a large bump on the inner aspect of the foot at the site of the connection between the big toe and the foot itself....

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Cavus Foot

Cavus Foot

Having a cavus foot basically means you are a person with very high arches. Rather than putting pressure on the whole of the foot, the pressure of standing and walking is placed on the ball of the foot and the heel of the foot, leading to instability and pain when...

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Corns and Calluses

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Corns and calluses are thickened and hard areas of skin that happen when the skin protects itself against the pressure and friction of shoes or the ground. While they can look ugly, they are not dangerous and can easily be treated if they are painful. If you just...

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Diabetic Foot

Diabetic Foot

If you suffer from diabetes mellitus (type 1 or type 2), this means your blood sugar is too high over much of the time. High blood sugar can damage the blood vessels and nerves, starting with the foot. It can result in a loss of feeling in the foot and poor...

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Flat Feet

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The medical term for “flat feet” is “pes planus” or sometimes we just call them “fallen arches. You are considered to have flat feet when the arches that give the foot its characteristic shape are flattened so that the whole sole of the foot touches the ground upon...

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Heel Pain

Heel Pain

The heel is designed to take a lot of stress. It is padded with thick skin and fat so you can pound the pavement or do sports activities without pain. If you do these things to excess, however, you can develop various kinds of heel pain. Heel pain can occur from...

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Illiotibial Band Syndrome

Illiotibial Band Syndrome

Iliotibial Band Syndrome is also referred to as ITBS. It is a common overuse injury that runner’s incur by running too much. The syndrome happens when the ligament running from the outer portion of the thigh to the outer aspect of the shin (the iliotibial band)...

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Ingrown Nails

Ingrown Nails

Onychocryptosis is the technical term for an ingrown toenail, this is an often painful condition in which the nail grows so that it cuts into one or both sides of the nail bed. This condition has been found only in shoe-wearing cultures and does not occur in...

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Ingrown Toenails

Ingrown Toenails

The medical term for ingrown toenail is onychocryptosis. Ingrown toenails usually affect the great toe. Usually only one toe is affected but some people can have ingrown toenails on both feet. They are most common in athletes who scuff up their toes often and often...

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Metatarsalgia

Metatarsalgia

Metatarsalgia is the general medical term for having inflammation and pain in the ball of the foot. It isn’t a disease in and of itself but is a symptom of other problems going on with the foot. The main cause of metatarsalgia is overuse of the foot. It is seen often...

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Morton’s Neuromas

Morton’s Neuromas

A Morton’s neuroma stems from having excess pressure on the nerves of your foot, usually from wearing shoes that are too tight. It is actually a small ball of nerve bundles that have formed a benign tumor on the ball of the foot, usually located in the web space...

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Pigeon Toe Gait

Pigeon Toe Gait

A pigeon toe gait goes by many different medical names including intoeing, metatarsus adductus, metatarsus varus, and false club foot. These are all just fancy terms to describe a person who has toes that point toward the inside of the foot when they walk. Many...

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Scoliosis

Scoliosis

Scoliosis usually means you have curvature of the spine that goes in a lateral direction. The curvature is usually in the thoracic and lumbar spine and can lead to chronic back pain, an obvious deformity of the spine, and an abnormal gait. Scoliosis usually happens...

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Shin Splints

Shin Splints

Shin splints are a common name for tibial stress syndrome, which results in pain in the shin bone or tibia of the lower leg. The tibia is the main bone that takes the stress of the lower leg when running or doing sports. Shin splints are especially common in people...

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Verrucas Plantar Warts

Verrucas Plantar Warts

Verruca (or plantar warts) are a contagious, viral, and usually painful wart on the sole of the foot. The Foot Practice sees many patients who are frustrated with the condition, having tried all manner of treatments at other clinics. We are pleased that we have an...

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